Complete list of European Special Characters

July 1st, 2010 by max » (23) » this&that

Working on a german project with dynamic Textfields or forms is no problem for me: there are six »Umlaute« and one ligature, that I use every day. English forms are even easier: no special characters at all (how unimaginative ;-)…
But at the moment the project’s scope is widened to East- or West-Europe, problems begin if you weren’t attentive in school: In Spanish questions start with this upsidedown questionmark, don’t they? In French there are accents, but what directions and on which letters? And does anyone had Czech or Hungarian in school?

This is for all developers, making forms or dynamic textfields for the western hemisphere (no Cyrillic or Greek characters).

¡¿
ÄäÀàÁáÂâÃãÅåǍǎĄąĂăÆæĀā
ÇçĆćĈĉČč
ĎđĐďð
ÈèÉéÊêËëĚěĘęĖėĒē
ĜĝĢģĞğ
Ĥĥ
ÌìÍíÎîÏïıĪīĮį
Ĵĵ
Ķķ
ĹĺĻļŁłĽľ
ÑñŃńŇňŅņ
ÖöÒòÓóÔôÕõŐőØøŒœ
ŔŕŘř
ẞߌśŜŝŞşŠšȘș
ŤťŢţÞþȚț
ÜüÙùÚúÛûŰűŨũŲųŮůŪū
Ŵŵ
ÝýŸÿŶŷ
ŹźŽžŻż

Comment if something is missing and I’ll update the list.

[Update] Thanks Stefan, for Croatian đ and Đ.
[Update] Thanks G, for Hungarian letters őŐ and űŰ
[Update] Thanks codebuilder, for ď, ģ, ì, Ï, ì, Ø and ť
[Update] Thanks David for Åå (Sweden)
[Update] Thanks Andrzej for ŻżĄąĘę (Poland)
[Update] Added versal ß and sorted all characters Uppercase-next-to-Lowercase
[Update] Thanks Cosmin for Ţţ Ăă (Romania)
[Update] Thanks NA for Ææ (Danish)
[Update] Thanks Dave for ð, þ, and Þ (Icelandic)
[Update] Thanks Fabien for Π(French)
[Update] Thanks Peter for Ľľ (Slovakia) and Ůů (Czeck)
[Update] Thanks cosku for Ğğ and ı (Turkish) – yes, let’s count Turkey to Europe ;)
[Update] Thanks to Alex for pointing out the T and S with comma and cedilla.
[Update] Thanks Candid for the »Baltic pack« Āā, Ėė, Ēē, Īī, Įį, Ņņ and Ūū.

Max Schalch

About the author

Max, twentysomething, is a designer and developer from Bavaria. He runs his own business and was long time employed in media and advertising.
On fASforward.com he blogs about ActionScript, Flash, ColdFusion and all the other stuff.

Twitter | XING | LinkedIn | Facebook

23 Responses to “Complete list of European Special Characters”

  1. fasforward-reader Stefan Koch writes:

    Hi Max,

    Croatian letters đĐ are missing.

    As used in e.g. “do viđenja” (Goodbye)

  2. fasforward-reader max writes:

    Hi Stefan,

    thanks a lot … or should I say »puno hvala« ;)

  3. fasforward-reader G writes:

    You mentioned Hungarian, but you are missing the two Hungarian letters that most fonts miss, which is a major letdown for us, they are őŐ and űŰ, not to be confused with the o and u with the little wavy thing on top of them, I don’t know what language uses those.

  4. fasforward-reader max writes:

    Thanks G,

    I guess you’re thinking of the german umlauts öÖ and üÜ (as well as äÄ) :-)

    I updated the list with your characters, köszönöm!!

  5. fasforward-reader codebuilder writes:

    The form is reacting to the ampersand char in the html entities, so I’ll try again with “ampersand” char replaced to “^”

    These characters are missing from the list:

    missing: ď – ď (but have: Ď – Ď )
    missing: ģ – ģ (but have: Ģ – Ģ )
    missing: ì – ì (but have: Ì – Ì )
    missing: Ï – Ï (but have: ï – ï )
    missing: Ø – Ø (but have: ø – ø )
    missing: ť – ť (but have: Ť – Ť )

    I found them here: http://www.starr.net/is/type/htmlcodes.html

  6. fasforward-reader David writes:

    For Sweden ÅÄÖåäö is used as well.

  7. fasforward-reader Andrzej writes:

    ŻżĄąĘę in PL

  8. fasforward-reader Cosmin writes:

    Hi Max, just wanted to thank you and everyone that contributed for this list, it’s really helping me design accessible typefaces.

    Wanted to contribute to it:

    It’s missing the Romanian letters Ţţ Ăă

  9. fasforward-reader max writes:

    Mulțumesc Cosmin, I added them to the list! And thanks a lot for contributing

  10. fasforward-reader NA writes:

    Missing letter Æ / æ (danish character)

  11. fasforward-reader dave writes:

    You also forgot ð, þ, and Þ. These are used in Icelandic. Thanks for the list!

  12. fasforward-reader max writes:

    þakka þér Dave!

  13. fasforward-reader Fabien writes:

    Hello,

    French character Œ is missing (http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Œ)

    Thank you for sharing this list! :)

  14. fasforward-reader peter writes:

    missing Ľľ slovak
    Ůů czech

  15. fasforward-reader max writes:

    Thank you all for the additions!

  16. fasforward-reader cosku writes:

    Turkish letters ğ/Ğ and ı(small I) are missing

  17. fasforward-reader Alex writes:

    Şş – Turkish S with cedilla. Different from Romanian S with comma Șș.

  18. fasforward-reader Alex writes:

    The same with Romanian Țț, with comma, not cedilla.

  19. fasforward-reader Candid Dauth writes:

    Missing are Ėė, Āā, Ēē, Ūū, Ņņ (Lithuanian and Latvian)

  20. fasforward-reader Candid Dauth writes:

    And Īī, Įį

  21. fasforward-reader max writes:

    Merci, Dziękuję, Tack, Tak, Děkuji, Sağol, Paldies and Ačiū!!

  22. fasforward-reader Candid Dauth writes:

    I think you forgot to put in the ones from my second comment, Īī, Įį

  23. fasforward-reader max writes:

    You’re absolutely, 100%, irrevocable right, Candid.

Leave a Reply